Great Britain believed they were the leader of the Industrial Revolution and felt very confident of that. To mark this, Queen Victoria opened the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations, in May 1851.

A remarkable building was built in Hyde Park for this exhibition and covered an area of about 100,000 square metres and was 500m long. It was given the nick-name the “Crystal Palace ” because it was made almost entirely of iron and glass - 4,500 tonnes of iron and nearly 300,000 parts of glass. It was like a jigsaw because it was made in parts all over the country and then brought to Hyde Park to be put together. And it fitted exactly.

The Crystal Palace

Your group task is to find out two things - what inventions the British created that made them so confident during the Industrial Revolution and why didn't everybody agree with Queen Victoria when she described the Industrial Revolution as being “all wonderful”.

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