They would make sure nothing
important was on the banks of the river when it was time for the floods. Then,
after the water level went back down, they would quickly plant new crops.
The floods brought good, fresh soil up onto the land. This soil was ideal
for planting barley and other grains.The
river also gave them a chance to catch many fish. The Egyptians would build
boats out of wood or papyrus and soil up and down the river. They would use
spears and nets to catch fish. They would also use nets to catch birds that
flew close to the surface of the water.
The Nile also provided protection from attack. People wanting to invade Egypt would have to first cross the river, which was very wide in places. The Egyptians could stand on their own side of the river and throw spears at their attackers. Any attacker who did cross the river was likely to be tired from making the crossing.
Another important way that the Nile helped the ancient Egyptians was in trade. Goods went to and from Egypt down and up the Nile, which had its mouth at the Mediterranean Sea.