Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in Germany, on 14 March 1879. He was a quiet baby and his parents became concerned, as he seemed a little backward and slow to speak. When he was 10, Einstein enrolled at the Luitpold Gymnasium (high school). By then, he had already discovered a love for mathematics. His uncle Jakob introduced him to algebra. When Einstein was 12, a family friend Max Talmud, gave him a book about Geometry. Einstein later described this as the single most

After he finished school at the gymnasium Einstein went to Zurich Polytechnic, where he found that student life was the ideal life for him. He went to the lectures he liked and didn’t bother with the rest. There were only five students (including Einstein) taking the science course in Zurich. He graduated with a diploma in mathematics and physics in 1901.

Unable to find a job as a teacher, Einstein accepted a job in the Swiss Patent office in Berne. In 1903, he married Mileva whom he met while they were both students. He managed to publish several scientific papers in spite of lacking an academic position.
However 1905 was the year in which Einstein produced three extraordinary pieces of work. The first of these was a statistical study of Brownian motion. This led to a proof that all matter is made up of tiny atoms. The second was an explanation of the photoelectric effect, in which he proposed a radical departure from the “wave” theory of light and interpreted light as a stream of photons. The third paper was the famous Special Theory of Relativity, in which he proposed that quantities such as time and distance are not absolute, but depend on the motion of observers.

Einstein's Photoelectric Equation first appeared in 1905 and was verified by experiment in 1912:  

By 1909, Einstein had been appointed Associate Professor at the University of Zurich.

In 1915, he produced his General Theory of Relativity, which extended his ideas on relativity to the study of forces. General Relativity presented the force of gravity as a curvature of space-time and is considered to be Einstein’s greatest achievement.

In 1921 Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel prize for Physics.

During the anti-Jewish Nazi era in Germany in the 1930s, Einstein moved with his family to the USA. He worked in the Institute for Advanced studies in Princeton. He died in 1955.


The life of
Albert Einstein
(1879 - 1955)

Einstein’s M.Sc. thesis at the Swiss Polytechnical Institute was a one-page thesis on the Photoelectric effect.

They were reluctant to give him his degree for it.

Einstein Year