Thursday 27 April, 1916.

SUNDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MONDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TUESDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEDNESDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THURSDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRIDAY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SATURDAY

 Talking Points - Photographic Evidence
Look carefully at the photograph (above) of the British soldiers manning a street barricade.
Examine the foreground, middle ground and background - describe each section of the photograph.
The foreground contains what looks like a soldier's knapsack - how come it is on the 'enemy' side of the barricade?
Were the soldiers under fire when this photograph was taken? How do you know?
Who might have taken this photograph and how did they hope to use it?
Examine the other photographs on this site along similar lines.

By Thursday morning the cordon around the Four Courts and the GPO continues to tighten further. There is now continuous shelling and much of O Connell Street has either been destroyed or is on fire. The military now outnumber the rebels by an estimated 20 to 1. The GPO in particular is under sustained attack. While supervising the erection of a barricade in a nearby street, James Connolly is wounded in the ankle and has to be helped back to the GPO. At about 10 pm on Thursday evening, an oil depot opposite the GPO explodes sending flames high into the night sky.

EYEWITNESS ACCOUNT
*On Thursday, James Stephens wrote about the worsening situation for the rebels
 
"This night also was calm and beautiful, but this night was the most sinister and woeful of all those that have passed. The sound of artillery, of rifles, machine guns, grenades, did not cease for a moment. From my window I saw a red flare that crept to the sky, and stole over it and remained there glaring; the smoke reached from the ground to the clouds, and I could see great red sparks go soaring to enormous heights; while always, in the calm air, hour after hour there was the buzzing and rattling and thudding of guns, and, but for the guns, silence."
James Stephens The Insurrection in Dublin

The situation in Dublin is now critical. With most shops closed since Monday there is a widespread shortage of basic food items such as bread and milk.With large numbers of British soldiers in the city, the military has commandeered much of the available food. Even relatively wealthy families are forced to go out in search of food supplies.

EYEWITNESS ACCOUNT
*Alfred Fannin was owner of a medical supply business based in Grafton Street. From his home in Herbert Park, he kept a record of the week's events.
 
"Thursday, April 27th, after lunch - In the forenoon I was down at Morehampton Road shop. All there was normal but supplies somewhat limited. Afterwards down at Baggot St. (Upper). Many shops were closed and supplies in many were running out. No meat. Got the last Oxtongue and 2 Mutton Kidneys at Butchers, all meat commandeered by military. Carried home, 2 stone Potatoes and meat, everybody out carrying home their own stores."
Alfred Fannin Letters from Dublin, Easter 1916

A shortage of uniforms has meant that many of the rebels are dressed in civilian attire. Although this makes it easier for the rebels to move about, it makes movement for all civilians very dangerous. Looting continues between lulls in the fighting. These looters are in danger from both the rebels and the military.

EYEWITNESS ACCOUNT
*Mary Louisa Hamilton Norway described accounts of the looting
Yesterday afternoon [Thursday], when the firing in Grafton Street was over, the mob appeared and looted the shops, clearing the great provision shops and others. From the back of this hotel you look down on an alley that connects with Grafton Street, - and at the corner, the shop front in Grafton Street, but with a side entrance into this lane, is a very large and high-class fruiterer. From the windows we watched the proceedings, and I never saw anything so brazen! The mob were chiefly women and children with a sprinkling of men.They swarmed in and out of the side door bearing huge consignments of bananas, the great bunches on the stalk, to which the children attached a cord and ran away dragging it along. Other boys had big orange boxes which they filled with tinned and bottled fruits. Women with their skirts held up received showers of apples and oranges and all kind of fruit which were thrown from the upper windows by their pals; and ankle-deep on the ground lay all the pink and white and silver paper shavings used for packing choice fruits. It was an amazing sight, and nothing daunted these people. Higher up at another shop we were told a woman was hanging out of a window dropping down loot to a friend, when she was shot through the head by a sniper, probably our man; the body dropped into the street and the mob cleared.
 
Mary Louisa Hamilton Norway The Sinn Fein Rebellion as I saw it

 Talking Points
Would it have been typical for someone like Alfred Fannin to carry home shopping? Who would normally do this?
What type of meat did he succeed in getting? How different was this to the meat people eat today?
Mary Louisa Hamilton Norway described people looting a shop for bananas and oranges. What does this tell us about social conditions at the time?
She says that the looter was shot by 'probably our man' - what did she mean by this?
Why were looters in such danger from both the rebels and the military?

NEWS COVERAGE

Newspaper seller near GPO after Rising
 
Rumours swept Dublin during the rising. Most of these rumours such as those about the landing of Germans were false. The publication of newspapers was severely disrupted by the fighting. The Irish Times strongly condemned the rebellion saying 'sedition must be rooted out of Ireland once and for all'. The Irish Independent also condemned the rising calling it 'wicked and insane'. The rebels were keenly aware of the importance of getting their message across to the public and on the second day of the rebellion, they published their own newspaper Irish War News. This 'newspaper' was produced by the rebels with the aim of rallying support rather than telling exactly what was happening.
 
In the week after the rising, most newspapers were published again as normal. The Irish Times and The Irish Independent again condemned the rising and called for tough action against the leaders.

Tabloid Coverage.... The Daily Mirror on Monday 8th May, 1916

 Talking Points
What media would be used to cover a similar news story such as the Easter Rising today?
Without factual news, what started to happen on the streets of Dublin?
How do you know that it was important for the rebels to get their story across to the public?
Were The Irish Times and The Irish Independent 'neutral' in covering the story of the Easter Rising? Why?
What angle did the tabloid press take on covering the Easter Rising?
What was unusual about Countess Markievicz' role as a fighter in the rising?

 To Do
Look at the newspaper coverage of one news story in today's newspaper.
How does its treatment differ from newspaper to newspaper? (prominence, size of headlines, use of photographs etc)
Irish Independent www.unison.ie/irish_independent
Irish Times www.ireland.com
Irish Examiner www.irishexaminer.com